18629 Gharagozloo.mp4 (519.21 MB)

Robotic Laparoscopic Transhiatal Anatomic Repair of Hiatal Hernias

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posted on 2022-09-08, 18:04 authored by Farid Gharagozloo

Although laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication is the most common procedure for hiatal hernia (HH) repair, HH recurrence because of the breakdown of the hiatoplasty and intrathoracic migration of the wrap has been reported as a common mechanism of failure after primary repair. Left transthoracic anatomic and physiologic repair (AFR) of HH is associated with lower incidence of leak and reoperation, but has greater morbidity (1–5). Adopting the transthoracic approach to a robotic laparoscopic platform may represent the ideal approach to the repair of HH (6–8).

The accompanying video details a retrospective review performed on patients who had robotic AFR (RAFR) of large HH. All patients received the previously validated gastroesophageal reflux disease-health-related quality of life (GERD-HRQL) questionnaire preoperatively and postoperatively. Objectively, symptoms were graded using the Visick scale Recurrence was defined as greater than 2 cm or 10% of the stomach above the diaphragm detected by either CT, esophagogram, or endoscopy. The preoperative data was then compared to the results at two years.

The results showed that of the 396 patients who underwent RAPR, the median GERD-HRQL score was 42 (range 38–45) preoperatively and 6 (range 0–14) at two years (p < 0.05). Preoperatively, 87 percent of patients were graded as Visick IV. At two years, 95 percent were graded as Visick I. HH recurrence occurred in four out of the 396 patients, or just 1 percent.

The conclusion was made that RAFR of HH is associated with excellent symptom relief and low recurrence rate. RAFR should be considered when deciding which operation to perform in patients with large paraesophageal hiatal hernias.


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6. Gharagozloo, F., Meyer, M. and Poston, R. (2022) Cardiovascular Complications of Large Hiatal Hernias: Expanding the Indications for Robotic Surgical Anatomic and Physiologic Repair: A Review. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 12, 39-69. https://doi.org/10.4236/wjcs.2022.123005

7. Gharagozloo, F., Meyer, M. (2022) Robotic Laparoscopic Transdiaphragmatic Repair of Large Hiatal Hernias. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 12, 85-104. https://doi.org/10.4236/wjcs.2022.124007

8. Gharagozloo F. et.al. Robotic Repair of Giant Hiatal Hernias. Chapter in Gharagozloo F, Patel V, Giulianotti P, Poston R, Gruessner R, Meyers M: (eds.) Robotic Surgery. Second Edition, Springer, 2021.


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