How to Detect an Intramyocardial LAD on Coronary Angiography

The intramyocardial LAD poses a challenge for LIMA-to-LAD anastomosis, especially in the case of an off-pump or minimally invasive approach, so the artery should be detected preoperatively to choose a safe surgical strategy. In this educational video, the authors explain how to detect an intramyocardial left anterior descending coronary artery on angiography.

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CC BY-NC-ND 4.0